The link above is to the video link graphic, there are two others: The slide graphicand the abstract graphic.
The best reporting on social science statistics, like the best reporting in most areas, comes from The Onion: What do you think of this?
And that standard of whiteness not only erases the experience of people of color; it reflects the actual exclusion of these people in poly life and communities. But it seems to eventually settle on a thesis that black people really are strongly underrepresented.
For the record, here is a small sample of other communities where black people are strongly underrepresented: Occupy Wall Street protesters unknown but low, one source says 1.
Environmentalists various but universally low. Wikipedia contributors unknown but low. Yoga enthusiasts unknown but low. Can you see what all of these groups have in common?
But what I noticed when I looked up those numbers was that in every case, the people involved have come up with a pat explanation that sounds perfectly plausible right up until you compare it to any other group, at which point it bursts into flames.
For example, Some people explain try to explain declining black interest in baseball by appeal to how some baseball personality made some horribly racist remark.
But Donald Sterling continues to be racist as heck, and black people continue to be more than three-quarters of basketball players. But blacks are also underrepresented in groups with precisely the opposite politics.
That they make up only 1. Blacks are more likely to endorse environmentalism than whites, but less likely to be involved in the environmentalist movement. I would guess most of the underrepresentation of black people in all of these things are for the same couple of reasons.
For example, bird-watching requires you live somewhere suburban or rural where there are interesting birds, want to waste money on binoculars, and have some free time. Swimming requires you live in an area where the schools or at least the neighborhoods have pools.
Third, the thrive-survive dichotomy says materially insecure people are going to value community and conformity more. Many of these things require leaving the general community to participate in a weird insular subculture, and that requires a sort of lack of preexisting community bonds that I think only comes with the upper middle class.
Being a black person probably already exposes you to enough stigma, without becoming a furry as well. Fifth, we already know that neighborhoods and churches tend to end up mostly monoracial through a complicated process of aggregating small acts of self-segregation based on slight preferences not to be completely surrounded by people of a different race.
Sixth, even when black people are involved in weird subcultures, they may do them separately from white people, leading white people to think their hobby is almost all white — and leading mostly white academics to miss them in their studies. I once heard about a professor who accused Alcoholics Anonymous of being racist, on the grounds that its membership was almost entirely white.
The white professor had surveyed AA groups in his white neighborhood and asked his white friends and white grad students to do the same.
Meanwhile, when more sober minds no pun intended investigated, they found black areas had thriving majority-black AA communities. Seventh, a lot of groups are stratified by education level.
|Enzymes | Biochemistry for Medics – Lecture Notes||Published June 9, By Dr.|
This matters a lot in areas like atheism that are disproportionately limited to the most educated individuals. There has to be a strong education filter on polyamory to produce those kinds of numbers, and I think that alone is big enough to explain most of the black underrepresentation.
Eighth, people of the same social class tend to cluster, and black people are disproportionately underrepresented among the upper middle class.
Most of these fields are dominated by upper middle class people.Lowry Acids and Bases Flow of Electron Density: Curved-Arrow Notation dict when acid-base reactions are likely to occur and to choose the The arrows show the reaction mechanism, that is, they show how the reaction occurs in .
Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s): Acetoacetic ester can be prepared by the Claisen self-condensation reaction of ethyl acetate. 1. NaOEt, EtOH OCH2CH3 OCH2CH3 Write the complete stepwise mechanism for this reaction. Show all electron flow with arrows and draw all intermediate structures.
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I – PRACTICE EXERCISE Give the major product and the mechanism of the following reaction. Ph Ph H3CH Br NaOCH3 CH3OH 12) Predict the most likely mechanism and the product for the reaction below.
NaOCH3 H3C CH3OH Cl H3C 13) Predict the most likely mechanism and the product from the reaction . Choose the best reagent(s) from the list provided below for carrying out the following conversions.
Place the letter of the reagent in the box beside the reaction number over the arrow. There is only one answer for each reaction. electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction is as follows, where E is the electrophile: (Note that in this reaction and in others that follow, only one of the six benzene hydrogens is shown explicitly to emphasize that one hydrogen is lost in the reaction.).
The reaction we have just looked at is called the Darzens condensation. in the following reaction sequence. any given atom is central to being able to write a plausible reaction mechanism in organic chemistry. very rarely) have more than eight electrons around it.
each nucleus where the electron in question is most likely to be found.