ShareCompartir Overview In the United States, the percentage of children and adolescents affected by obesity has more than tripled since the s. Scientists have found that BMI is moderately related to direct measures of body fatness.
Type 2 Diabetes What is type 2 diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are above normal. High blood sugar is a major cause of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness.
Indiabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Family history and genes play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors include a low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight around the waist. In the United States, type 2 diabetes is more common among blacks, Latinos, and American Indians than among whites.
It may be that being overweight causes cells to change, making them resistant to the hormone insulin.
Insulin carries sugar from blood to the cells, where it is used for energy. When a person is insulin resistantblood sugar cannot be taken up by the cells, resulting in high blood sugar.
In addition, the cells that produce insulin must work extra hard to try to keep blood sugar normal. This may cause these cells to gradually fail. How can weight loss help? If you are at risk for type 2 diabeteslosing weight may help prevent or delay the onset of diabetes.
If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help you control your blood sugar levels and prevent or delay health problems.
Losing weight and exercising more may also allow you to reduce the amount of diabetes medicine you take. How much weight loss may prevent or delay diabetes? The National Institutes of Health sponsored a large clinical study named the Diabetes Prevention Program DPP to look at ways to prevent type 2 diabetes in adults who were overweight.
The DPP found that losing just 5 to 7 percent of your body weight and doing moderately intense exercise like brisk walking for minutes a week may prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure?
Every time your heart beats, it pumps blood through your arteries to the rest of your body. Blood pressure is how hard your blood pushes against the walls of your arteries.
High blood pressure hypertension usually has no symptoms, but it may cause serious problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. If the top number systolic blood pressure is consistently or higher or the bottom number diastolic blood pressure is 90 or higher, you are considered to have high blood pressure.
How is high blood pressure linked to overweight? High blood pressure is linked to overweight and obesity in several ways. Having a large body size may increase blood pressure because your heart needs to pump harder to supply blood to all your cells.
Excess fat may also damage your kidneys, which help regulate blood pressure. Weight loss that will get you close to the normal BMI range may greatly lower high blood pressure. Other helpful changes are to quit smoking, reduce salt, and get regular physical activity.
However, if lifestyle changes aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe drugs to lower your blood pressure.Overweight and obesity are conditions caused by an increase in the size and amount of fat cells in the body.
They cause problems like heart disease and diabetes. Learn about causes, risk factors, screening and prevention, signs and symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatments for overweight and obesity, and how to participate in clinical .
Obesity is bad for your health, but having excess belly fat is even worse. Besides forcing you to buy bigger pants, it can seriously affect your health in ways you might not realize. Accumulation of unhealthy fat in the belly, also known as visceral fat, refers to fat surrounding the liver and other organs in Continue reading Know the Dangers of .
Childhood obesity has immediate and long-term effects on physical, social, and emotional health. For example: Children with obesity are at higher risk of having other chronic health conditions and diseases that influence physical health. Help us combat dog obesity.
While often overlooked, overweight dogs don't have the quality or quantity of life they deserve. 7 Reasons Why Dog Obesity is Dangerous.
Obesity: Having excess body fat that is considered unhealthy for a person’s stature is called obesity and increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and.
Obesity can be extremely harmful, and excessive weight can provoke serious disorders. An obese person runs the risk of a range of diseases that are more probable when the obesity level is higher.
Among them include heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), and sleep apnea.