A therapeutic procedure which attempts to improve function through the application of aquatic therapeutic exercises. Aquatic therapy is skilled physical therapy that takes place in a warm water pool heated to between 94 and 96 degrees, which makes exercising easier and more comfortable. If needed, an accessible lift can be used to lower you into the water. Because of the warm water temperature and the resistance provided by the water, aquatic therapy can help you by:
It appears here with the kind permission of the publisher, F. It is a slightly edited version of the chapter written jointly by Jim Simkin and myself for the third edition of Current Psychotherapies.
The version was a complete rewriting of a version Jim did by himself for the second edition of Current Psychotherapies. The revisions I made in the version were minor and were made after Jim's death.
Overview Gestalt therapy is a phenomenological-existential therapy founded by Frederick Fritz and Laura Perls in the s. It teaches therapists and patients the phenomenological method of awareness, in which perceiving, feeling, and acting are distinguished from interpreting and reshuffling preexisting attitudes.
Explanations and interpretations are considered less reliable than what is directly perceived and felt. Patients and therapists in Gestalt therapy dialogue, that is, communicate their phenomenological perspectives.
Differences in perspectives become the focus of experimentation and continued dialogue. The goal is for clients to become aware of what they are doing, how they are doing it, and how they can change themselves, and at the same time, to learn to accept and value themselves.
Gestalt therapy focuses more on process what is happening than content what is being discussed. The emphasis is on what is being done, thought and felt at the moment rather than on what was, might be, could be, or should be. Basic Concepts The Phenomenological Perspective Phenomenology is a discipline that helps people stand aside from their usual way of thinking so that they can tell the difference between what is actually being perceived and felt in the current situation and what is residue from the past Idhe, A Gestalt exploration respects, uses and clarifies immediate, "naive" perception "undebauched by learning" Wertheimer,p.
Gestalt therapy treats what is "subjectively" felt in the present, as well as what is "objectively" observed, as real and important data. This contrasts with approaches that treat what the patient experiences as "mere appearances" and uses interpretation to find "real meaning.
In Gestalt therapy insight is clear understanding of the structure of the situation being studied. Awareness without systematic exploration is not ordinarily sufficient to develop insight.
Therefore, Gestalt therapy uses focused awareness and experimentation to achieve insight. How one becomes aware is crucial to any phenomenological investigation.
The phenomenologist studies not only personal awareness but also the awareness process itself. The patient is to learn how to become aware of awareness. How the therapist and the patient experience their relationship is of special concern in Gestalt therapy Yontef, The Field Theory Perspective The scientific world view that underlies the Gestalt phenomenological perspective is field theory.
Field theory is a method of exploring that describes the whole field of which the event is currently a part rather than analyzing the event in terms of a class to which it belongs by its "nature" e. The field is a whole in which the parts are in immediate relationship and responsive to each other and no part is uninfluenced by what goes on elsewhere in the field.
The field replaces the notion of discrete, isolated particles. The person in his or her life space constitutes a field. In field theory no action is at a distance; that is, what has effect must touch that which is affected in time and space. Gestalt therapists work in the here and now and are sensitive to how the here and now includes residues of the past, such as body posture, habits, and beliefs.
The phenomenological field is defined by the observer and is meaningful only when one knows the frame of reference of the observer. The observer is necessary because what one sees is somewhat a function of how and when one looks.I'm years post my brain injury: swelling of the brain, seizures, global damage affecting all areas of my life.
The official term is encephalopathy, I think. Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.
It is not to be confused with consciousness in the sense of leslutinsduphoenix.com consciousness is being aware of one's environment and body and lifestyle, self-awareness is the recognition of that awareness. Winter - The Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation 5 Cognitive Perceptual Motor Retraining: Remediation of Deficits Following Brain Injury Tammy L.
W estfall Madhav R. Kulkarni. WHAT IS SENSE OF SELF? Everybody has a sense of self or sense of personal identity. In fact most people have a number of important ways of thinking about themselves that are significant enough to be considered multiple senses of self. Self-Defense F.A.Q.
What is Self-Defense? Self-defense is a set of awareness, assertiveness, verbal confrontation skills, safety strategies, and physical techniques that enable someone to successfully. What is cognition?
Cognition is the act of knowing or thinking. It includes the ability to choose, understand, remember and use information. Cognition includes.