Swing and Big Band helped to define a culture and an era when great nations clashed on the battlefield in all corners of the globe. The standard arrangement for a big band was a piece orchestra — typically, 5 saxophones, 4 trumpets, 4 trombones and a 4-piece rhythm section. Byroughly two-thirds of American households owned a radio.
On the outbreak of the Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union in NovemberSweden declared itself to be " non-belligerent " in regard to this particular conflict, actively siding with Finland. This allowed Sweden to aid Finland economically, and with armaments. It was, however, subject to British and German Naval blockades and accidental bombings from the Soviets on some cities e.
When Germany invaded Denmark and Norway in Aprilcoupled with a German blockade of the North Seaevery single shipment had to be negotiated with both British and German authorities, which drastically reduced the volume of trade.
Other critical items were natural rubberalloy metals and food. This situation led to extensive rationing of fuels and food in Sweden and substitutes were developed and produced.
Wood gas was used as a fuel for motor vehicles and shale oil as a substitute for bunker oil.
For very important goods such as ball bearings for the British aircraft industry, delivery was made by blockade runnersusing rebuilt Motor Gun Boatswhich could use winter darkness and high speed to penetrate the German blockade of the Skagerrak straits between Norway and the northern tip of Denmark.
Inhowever, the US administration halted these exports. Only about 60 aircraft had been delivered. Sweden succeeded subsequently in buying aircraft from Italya fascist ally of Germany at the time; these aircraft were primarily Fiat CR.
In Sweden, the Liberal, Conservative and Agrarian parties were concerned about a perceived threat from the Soviet Union. The Social Democrats were in the main equally concerned. Leading social democrats like Rickard Sandler and Torsten Nilsson played a prominent role in mustering support for Finland.
Defense of Finland[ edit ] Main article: Sweden and the Winter War When the Soviet Union attacked Finland in Novembermany Swedes favored some sort of involvement in the conflict, both on a humanitarian and on a military basis.
Sweden's interest in Finland lay in the fact that Finland had been an integrated part of Sweden for more than six hundred years, with Sweden losing control of its eastern provinces in Despite several pleas from the Finnish government, the Swedish government declined to engage militarily with the Red Army as it advanced during the Winter War.
However, Sweden declared itself "non-belligerent" rather than neutral during the conflict and as many as 8, Swedes voluntarily went to Finland to fight. The Swedish government and public also sent food, clothing, medicine, weapons and ammunition to aid the Finns during this conflict.
This military aid included: Twelve of Sweden's most modern fighter aircraft, British Gloster Gladiatorswere flown by volunteer Swedish pilots under Finnish insignia.
In addition, Sweden received some 70, Finnish children who were sent to Sweden to find safety during the s. Allied campaign in Norway and Franco-British plans for intervention in the Winter War Franco-British support was offered on the condition it was given free passage through neutral Norway and Sweden instead of taking the road from the Soviet-occupied Petsamo.
German industry was heavily dependent on Swedish iron ore. The Allies had intended to use the Soviet attack on Finland in November as cover for seizing the important Swedish iron ore deposits in the north, in addition to the Norwegian harbours through which this ore was shipped to Germany.
The plan was to get Norwegian and Swedish permission to send an expeditionary force to Finland across northern Norway and Sweden, ostensibly to help the Finns. In this way, an unsuspecting Norway and Sweden would be presented with a fait accompli. Realizing this danger, however, and the consequent possibility of Allied or German occupation and of the war being waged on their territory, both the Swedes and the Norwegians refused to allow this proposal.
The Altmark Incident of 16 February convinced Hitler that the Allies would not respect Norwegian neutrality, so he ordered plans for an invasion. Scandinavian reluctance to allow Allied troops onto their territory had halted the original Allied plan for using aid to Finland as a pretext for moving in troops, but on March 12,the Allies decided to try a "semi-peaceful" invasion nonetheless.
Troops were to be landed in Norway, and proceed into Sweden to capture the Swedish iron ore mines. However, if serious military resistance was encountered, they were not to press the issue. However, Finland sued for peace on March 12, so this plan had to be abandoned as well.
The Germans were partly aware of these Allied intentions, as they had intercepted radio traffic showing that Allied transport groups were being readied.
A few days later, they also intercepted messages confirming that the Allies had abandoned their plan and were to redeploy their forces. German plans for an invasion of Norway continued, since Hitler feared that the Allies were nonetheless intent upon launching their own invasion.
Hitler was correct about Allied intentions. Operation Wilfred was to take place on April 5 it was in fact delayed until April 8 when Norwegian territorial waters were to be mined, violating Norwegian neutrality. This would force the ships carrying ore to Germany to travel outside the protection of Norwegian territorial waters and thus become legitimate targets for the Royal Navy.
It was hoped that this would provoke a German military reaction. As soon as the Germans reacted, under "Plan R 4", 18, Allied troops were to land in Narvikclosing the rail link to Sweden.
Other cities that the Allies hoped to capture were Trondheim and Bergen. The first ship carrying Allied troops was to start its journey a few hours after the mine-laying. This move had several far-reaching consequences for Sweden.Music during World War II had an unprecedented impact on America, both on the home front and on troops serving overseas.
Unlike World War I, which occurred in the pre-radio era, by December , virtually every American household, percent, owned . I: WAR  We have heard our political leaders say from time to time that “War is necessary,” “War is a good thing.” They were trying to establish a major premise which would suggest the conclusion, “Therefore let us have a little war now,” or “It is wise, on general principles, to have a war .
Essay on World War II ( Words) War is one of the most tragic things in our world today. It is even sadder that usually it comes around at least once in our lifetime. In the 20th century alone we have already had two huge wars.
These wars are called the World Wars simply [ ]. The title of Walker Evans and James Agee’s extraordinary work of literary photojournalism, Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, may have lost some of its ironic edge with subsequent acclaim and the fame of its writer and photographer.
First begun in as a project documenting the largely invisible. The World War II Foundation is one of the world’s leading non-profit organizations committed to educating future generations about the personal stories of the WWII generation.
Music In World War One Music Essay. Print Reference this.
Disclaimer: The main goals of this paper are to write about the style of classical music during World War I, and the affect of the World War on classical music. Neoclassicism was a new formed th century trend, running in the period between the two World Wars. Musicians mostly.