In addition to this paper, the DTD has also developed more detailed "focus" papers that share insights and best practices for various specific challenges such as mission command and cross-domain synergy, assessments, CCIR development and reporting, and lethal and nonlethal integration observed at joint headquarters. All of these papers are unclassified for broad accessibility. Perspectives on Changing National Security Institutions local copyby DiBella, in Joint Force Quarterly, 2nd quarter The question remains as to what images will best fit national security organizations in an age that contains both evolving asymmetric threats and the potential for traditional threats. Do we shift from a machine to a network or do we alter the properties of the machine?
We seek your assistance in helping to create a descriptive list see below of existing IR paradigms, approaches and theories. If you know of a particular IR theory, for example, that is not listed and described below, please e-mail the name of the theory and a brief description of it to Mark Beavis at irtheory hotmail.
Even if you only know the name, send it: The list will be maintained as an on-going project and knowledge resource which will be developed and enhanced over time. So, if you think that a particular description is inadequate, please send in a better one. IR Paradigms, Approaches and Theories: For this reason, the balancing process helps to maintain the stability of relations between states.
A balance of power system functions most effectively when alliances are fluid, when they are easily formed or broken on the basis of expediency, regardless of values, religion, history, or form of government. Occasionally a single state plays a balancer role, shifting its support to oppose whatever state or alliance is strongest.
A weakness of the balance of power concept is the difficulty of measuring power. Balance of Terror Theory Suggested text for this entry welcome. Balance of Threat Theory Suggested text for this entry welcome.
Behavioralism An approach to the study of politics or other social phenomena that focuses on the actions and interactions among units by using scientific methods of observation to include quantification of variables whenever possible.
A practitioner of behavioralism is often referred to as a behavioralist. Behaviorism refers to the ideas held by those behavioral scientists who consider only observed behavior as relevant to the scientific enterprise and who reject what they consider to be metaphysical notions of "mind" or "consciousness" Viotti, P.
Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. Chaos Theory In mathematics and physics, chaos theory describes the behavior of certain nonlinear dynamical systems that may exhibit dynamics that are highly sensitive to initial conditions popularly referred to as the butterfly effect.
As a result of this sensitivity, which manifests itself as an exponential growth of perturbations in the initial conditions, the behavior of chaotic systems appears to be random. This happens even though these systems are deterministic, meaning that their future dynamics are fully defined by their initial conditions, with no random elements involved.
This behavior is known as deterministic chaos, or simply chaos.
Since the International System can be considered a nonlinear dynamic system, it is reasonable to take this theory into account for the study of the International Order.
Classical Realism Also called human realism and associated with Morgenthau's exposition of realism in which the power pursuit propensity of states is derived from the basic nature of human beings as power maximisers. This perspective holds that ideological, as well as material, factors may constitute 'power' e.
Collective Security Employed during the construction of the League of Nations, the concept of collective security goes beyond the pure idea of defence to include, according to Inis Claude, 'arrangements for facilitating peaceful settlement of disputes,' assuming that the mechanisms of preventing war and defending states under armed attack will 'supplement and reinforce each other' Writing during the Cold War, Claude identifies the concept as the post-WWI name given by the international community to the 'system for maintenance of international peace Most applicable to widely inclusive international organizations such as the League and the United Nations, ideally, the arrangement would transcend the reliance on deterrence of competing alliances through a network or scheme of 'national commitments and international mechanisms.
From this, it is theorized that perfected collective security would discourage potential aggressors from angering a collectivity of states.
Like balance-of-power, collective security works on the assumption that any potential aggressor would be deterred by the prospect of joint retaliation, but it goes beyond the military realm to include a wider array of security problems.
It assumes that states will relinquish sovereignty and freedom of action or inaction to increasing interdependence and the premise of the indivisibility of peace.Adam Lack, 33, was killed July 13, after being lured from his family's Mitchell County, Iowa home by one of many bullying upstream polluting farmers.
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DAILY ROTATION, Tech News, current news headlines from thousands of tech related sites, science news, web based RSS reader for tech headlines from thousands of sites. Digital images of pamphlets, proclamations, newsbooks, and newspapers from 17th and 18th century England, Ireland, Scotland.
Also includes limited number of papers from British colonies in .