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Acknowledgements Thank you, Brigid, for that generous introduction. It is truly inspiring to see what you have achieved for women in what is really such a short space of time. We are so pleased that you have been able to join us here in Australia for this conference and capacity building workshop.
Please allow me to begin by acknowledging the Gadigal people of the Eora nation and the Darug language group on whose land we now gather.
It is with gratitude that I pay my respects to your elders, past and present. In addition, I would like to acknowledge my dear friend and colleague Andrea Durbach, who, over these past nine months, has provided such generous support to me in her role as Deputy Sex Discrimination Commissioner.
This is, of course, on top of her already busy role here at UNSW. I was so pleased that Andrea invited me to say a few words at the capacity building workshop.
It is not often that I have the privilege of meeting such a distinguished group of individuals from the Asia Pacific Region, who are working to advance gender justice.
I only wish I was able to stay for, what I am sure will be, a day full of productive and engaging conversations about the important issue of gender justice. Introduction Over the last two days, you have talked a lot about the International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute and today brings an important opportunity to address these issues at a more practical level.
What is so valuable is that each of you brings your own expertise and experiences in this area. What kind of participation are we seeking for women? And, lastly—and where I will focus the majority of my remarks—what role can Government and civil society play in assisting women to address gender-based violence against women?
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women also reminds us that the full and complete development of a country, the welfare of the world and the cause of peace require the maximum participation of women on equal terms with men in all fields.
When I meet with the Australian Government, business, unions, community groups and individual women, I talk, firstly, about increasing the number of women who play a central role in political and public life.
It is also about ensuring that the voices of women who are represented are heard, and that their views and contributions are valued. It has been only in the past few years and, in some cases, past few months, that Australia has seen its first female Governor-General, first female Prime Minister, first female Attorney-General, and first female Minister for Finance.
But even this is not enough to ensure that women can participate and effectively exercise and enjoy their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
The Rome Statute itself is in fact a model of how the effective and equal participation of women can be built into the structures and processes of an institution. Notably, it requires fair representation of female and male judges and the appointment of advisers with legal expertise in sexual and gender violence.
We currently have 11 female judges out of 18, giving the ICC the first predominantly female bench of any international judicial body. The ICC seeks not only to remedy gender injustice through its trials but also to be a model of gender balanced justice in the way these trials are conducted.
Neither does it mean simply looking to women, who have been subjected to violence, to bear the burden of holding accountable those who have violated their rights. There are a number ways we can increase capacity to advocate for gender justice. This includes, as President Song has reminded us, judges who sit on the International Criminal Court, the individuals who prosecute crimes committed during times of war and conflict, nation states who are responsible for protecting their citizens and remedying violations of their rights, gender advocates and individual victims and survivors.
Second, it requires men to work with women to raise an awareness of gender justice issues and to reject outright the notion that violence against women, of any kind, is acceptable. Third, we need to put in place effective and appropriate mechanisms of accountability and redress.
It is no accident that the Rome Statute explicitly codified gender-specific crimes and mechanisms or, for example, that the make-up of the Court is one of the most gender diverse internationally.
These achievements, although not without their weaknesses,  were made possible because of the advocacy and dedication of gender equality advocates and, in particular, their efforts around capacity-building at the international and domestic levels.
I am proud to say that many of the individuals involved in this coalition, indeed many of you here today, call the Asia Pacific Region home. The challenge now is to continue to capitalise on this coalition and their capacity-building successes, through continued advocacy, particularly on encouraging Asian Pacific states to ratify the Rome Statute and strengthen the implementation of gender justice nationally.
Advocates from the Asia Pacific region can also play a significant role in bringing knowledge of gender crimes to the attention of the International Criminal Court and in supporting women who would like to engage, or are already engaging, with the Court.
Advocates from this region can also play a crucial role inn contributing their expertise, through being gender advisers and administrators of the Court. Firstly, given the low level of engagement with the International Criminal Court in the Asia Pacific region, it is important that Governments and civil society encourage Asian Pacific states to ratify the Rome Statute.
Such efforts should emphasise the relevance and importance of the Court and the Statute for our region and their significance for ensuring gender justice in conflict and post-conflict situations. Efforts aimed at increasing the number of Asian Pacific States Parties to the Rome Statute must have as their secondary goals: Given that Australia is already a party to the Rome Statute, the Australian Government can take the opportunity to talk openly with neighbouring nations about its reasons for ratifying the Statute, encourage and support nations to take the steps necessary to ratify the Statute, and provide insight into the structures and processes that it put in place to ensure a smooth and effective ratification in the Australian context.
At the same time, the Australian Government could support its neighbours to enhance domestic protections, with a view to preventing violence before it occurs and assisting victims and survivors of violence who would like to bring claims.
It is important not to loose sight of the fact that gender-based violence is one of the most serious problems facing women in Australia today. For instance, you may know that one in three women over the age of 15 years has experienced violence in Australia.
Over 40 per cent of these women — approximately 1.Introduction: Gender and Politics: A Gendered World, a Gendered Discipline; Sex, Gender, and Sexuality: From Naturalized Presumption to Analytical Categories Gender equality policies and policies of importance to women are defined not only by feminism, Virginia.
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Panchayat women leaders have been especially active in bringing education to their villages even though they are frequently held hostage by caste politics and quotas. Rural education is a quagmire. women in politics and students must obtain approval for their project before beginning.
The format of the paper includes a justification for the importance of the chosen topic and a review of. Women in government in the modern era are under-represented in In fact, the issue of participation of Women in politics is of such importance that the United Nations has identified gender The introduction of the 'quota women' has triggered what political scientists refer to .
1 Introduction to Women in Politics W omen are not well represented in politics. Simply turning on the television to a summit of world leaders, a debate in the British.