He was the son of Alessandro Mussolini, a socialist, and Rosa Maltoni, a devout Catholic schoolteacher. InMussolini married Donna Rachele Guidi. Together, they had five children.
His siblings Arnaldo and Edvige followed. As a compromise with his mother, Mussolini was sent to a boarding school run by Salesian monks. After joining a new school, Mussolini achieved good grades, and qualified as an elementary schoolmaster in During this time he studied the ideas of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzschethe sociologist Vilfredo Paretoand the syndicalist Georges Sorel.
Mussolini thought of himself as an intellectual and was considered to be well-read.
A portrait of Mussolini in the early s During this time, he published Il Trentino veduto da un Socialista Trentino as seen by a Socialist in the radical periodical La Voce. This novel he co-wrote with Santi Corvaja, and was published as a serial book in the Trento newspaper Il Popolo. It was released in installments from 20 January to 11 May In SeptemberMussolini participated in a riot, led by socialists, against the Italian war in Libya.
As a result, he was rewarded the editorship of the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti! Under his leadership, its circulation soon rose from 20, toDuring this socialist period of his life, Mussolini sometimes used the pen name "Vero Eretico" "sincere heretic".
A number of socialist parties initially supported World War I at the time it began in August Mussolini further justified his position by denouncing the Central Powers for being reactionary powers; for pursuing imperialist designs against Belgium and Serbia as well as historically against Denmark, France, and against Italians, since hundreds of thousands of Italians were under Habsburg rule.
He attacked the opponents of the war and claimed that those proletarians who supported pacifism were out of step with the proletarians who had joined the rising interventionist vanguard that was preparing Italy for a revolutionary war. Gasti, that describe his background and his position on the First World War that resulted in his ousting from the Italian Socialist Party.
The Inspector General wrote: For this reason he was accused of moral and political unworthiness and the party thereupon decided to expel him He was the ideal editor of Avanti! In that line of work he was greatly esteemed and beloved.
Some of his former comrades and admirers still confess that there was no one who understood better how to interpret the spirit of the proletariat and there was no one who did not observe his apostasy with sorrow.
This came about not for reasons of self-interest or money. This was his initial line. It is difficult to say to what extent his socialist convictions which he never either openly or privately abjure may have been sacrificed in the course of the indispensable financial deals which were necessary for the continuation of the struggle in which he was engaged But assuming these modifications did take place The nation has not disappeared.
We used to believe that the concept was totally without substance. Instead we see the nation arise as a palpitating reality before us! Class cannot destroy the nation.The Fascist Party became popular with the people of Italy and Mussolini began to grow in power.
In , Mussolini and 30, Black Shirts marched to Rome and took control of the government. By , Mussolini had total control of the government and was established as dictator.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party. He ruled Italy as Prime Minister. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, – April 28, ) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from until , when he was overthrown.
He established a repressive fascist regime that valued nationalism, militarism, anti-liberalism, and anti-communism combined with strict censorship and state leslutinsduphoenix.com was popular for some time as a champion of Italy's resurgence. Benito Mussolini was head of the Italian government from to He was the founder of fascism, and as a dictator he held absolute power and severely mistreated his citizens and his country.
In , the leader of the Italian fascist movement, Benito Mussolini, became Prime Minister of Italy after a coup d'leslutinsduphoenix.comini resolved the question of Dodecanese sovereignty at the Treaty of Lausanne, which formalized Italian administration of both Libya and the Dodecanese Islands, in return for a payment to Turkey, the successor state to the Ottoman Empire, though he failed in an.
Who Was Benito Mussolini? Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, to April 28, ), who went by the nickname “Il Duce” (“the Leader”), was an Italian dictator who created the.