But his strong personality and forceful determination made him a popular figure during the war years. He was the eldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill, a Tory Democrat a British political party who achieved early success as a rebel in his party. Later, after Randolph Churchill failed, he was cruelly described as "a man with a brilliant future behind him. Winston idolized his mother, but his relations with his father, who died inwere cold and distant.
See Article History Alternative Title: After a sensational rise to prominence in national politics before World War I, Churchill acquired a reputation for erratic judgment in the war itself and in the decade that followed.
He led the Conservative Party back to office in and remained prime minister untilwhen ill health forced his resignation. Through his father, Lord Randolph Churchillthe meteoric Tory politician, he was directly descended from John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlboroughthe hero of the wars against Louis XIV of France in the early 18th century.
His mother, Jennie Jeromea noted beauty, was the daughter of a New York financier and horse racing enthusiast, Leonard W. The young Churchill passed an unhappy and sadly neglected childhood, redeemed only by the affection of Mrs.
Everest, his devoted nurse. It was only at the third attempt that he managed to pass the entrance examination to the Royal Military College, now Academy, Sandhurst, but, once there, he applied himself seriously and passed out graduated 20th in a class of Initially the only prospect of action was in Cuba, where he spent a couple of months of leave reporting the Cuban war of independence from Spain for the Daily Graphic London.
In his regiment went to India, where he saw service as both soldier and journalist on the North-West Frontier Expanded as The Story of the Malakand Field Forcehis dispatches attracted such wide attention as to launch him on the career of authorship that he intermittently pursued throughout his life.
The River War brilliantly describes the campaign. He relieved the tedium of army life in India by a program of reading designed to repair the deficiencies of Harrow and Sandhurst, and in he resigned his commission to enter politics and make a living by his pen.
He first stood as a Conservative at Oldham, where he lost a by-election by a narrow margin, but found quick solace in reporting the South African War for The Morning Post London. Within a month after his arrival in South Africa he had won fame for his part in rescuing an armoured train ambushed by Boers, though at the price of himself being taken prisoner.
But this fame was redoubled when less than a month later he escaped from military prison. Returning to Britain a military hero, he laid siege again to Oldham in the election of Churchill succeeded in winning by a margin as narrow as that of his previous failure.
A self-assurance redeemed from arrogance only by a kind of boyish charm made Churchill from the first a notable House of Commons figure, but a speech defect, which he never wholly lost, combined with a certain psychological inhibition to prevent him from immediately becoming a master of debate.
Churchill, a convinced free traderhelped to found the Free Food League. He was disavowed by his constituents and became increasingly alienated from his party. In he joined the Liberals and won renown for the audacity of his attacks on Chamberlain and Balfour. The radical elements in his political makeup came to the surface under the influence of two colleagues in particular, John Morley, a political legatee of W.
Gladstone, and David Lloyd Georgethe rising Welsh orator and firebrand. In the ensuing general election in he secured a notable victory in Manchester and began his ministerial career in the new Liberal government as undersecretary of state for the colonies.
He soon gained credit for his able defense of the policy of conciliation and self-government in South Africa. When the ministry was reconstructed under Prime Minister Herbert H. Asquith inChurchill was promoted to president of the Board of Trade, with a seat in the cabinet.
Defeated at the ensuing by-election in Manchesterhe won an election at Dundee. In the same year he married the beautiful Clementine Hozier; it was a marriage of unbroken affection that provided a secure and happy background for his turbulent career.
At the Board of Trade, Churchill emerged as a leader in the movement of Liberalism away from laissez-faire toward social reform. He completed the work begun by his predecessor, Lloyd George, on the bill imposing an eight-hour maximum day for miners.Jennie Spencer-Churchill CI RRC DStJ (née Jerome; 9 January – 29 June ), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.
The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (), the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his American wife Jennie Jerome, was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. After a brief but eventful career in the army, he became a Conservative Member of Parliament in He held many.
Winston Churchill was an inspirational statesman, writer, orator and leader who led Britain to victory in the Second World War. He served as Conservative Prime Minister twice - from to English prime minister, statesman, and author The English statesman and author Sir Winston Churchill led Britain during World War II (–45) and is often described as the "savior of his country."Died: Jan 24, Feb 01, · This biography examines the prime minister Sir Winston Churchill.
It explores his early life, military service, and finally his political career in which he. Winston Churchill: Winston Churchill, British statesman who as prime minister rallied British people during World War II and led the country from the brink of defeat.